City University students are responsible for understanding and exercising standards of academic integrity in every aspect of study and in all works submitted. Plagiarism, a violation of academic integrity, is defined as:
Plagiarism is often inadvertent. The information and resources below are intended to help you learn to cite sources correctly and to avoid unintentional plagiarism.
In the U.S. higher education system, references are used to show your reader where you found your information and/or ideas. Using proper citations allows you to:
If you take or copy someone else’s words or ideas and present them as if they were your own (without appropriately citing them), you are plagiarizing.
Anything that isn't your own original analysis--or otherwise common knowledge--must be cited. This includes, but is not limited to:
If you are unsure if something needs to be cited or not, don't simply guess. Reach out to your instructor or ask a librarian for help.
All courses at CityU use APA style. We are currently using the 7th edition. You can find more information on using APA style here:
Citation builders generate APA-formatted references from user-submitted information such as author, date, and publication title. While citation builders are convenient, they are not always accurate. Always check your references and citations for APA errors.
OWL at Purdue has recently paired with Chegg to provide access to Citation Machine within their tutorials. This guide can help you make decisions about citation generators that you find online:
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