Avoid Plagiarism

City University students are responsible for understanding and exercising standards of scholastic honesty in every aspect of study and in all works submitted. Plagiarism, a violation of scholastic honesty, is defined as:

  • Presenting another person’s work as your own
  • Paraphrasing or condensing ideas from another person’s work without proper citation
  • Failing to document direct quotations with a proper citation
  • Failing to cite all sources from which data, examples, ideas, word or theories are found.

Plagiarism can be intentional or inadvertent. The information and links here are to help you learn to cite sources correctly and avoid unintentional plagiarism.


Why Do I Need to Cite and Document Sources?

  • To identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or paper. If you take or copy someone else’s words or ideas and present them as if they were your own you are plagiarizing.
  • To allow readers to locate and read the sources you cite to better understand your research.


What Kinds of Sources Need to Be Documented?

  • Ideas you draw from a source but present entirely in your own words
  • Paraphrases and summaries of books, articles, Web sites, videos, etc.
  • Comments made by your instructor in a lecture
  • Single words, short phrases, sentences, and longer passages that have been quoted from books or articles used
  • References to (but not quotations from) a book or article
  • Statistics
  • Common knowledge and some facts do not need to be cited. For help deciding, review: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/02


Plagiarism and Scholastic Honesty