Avoid Plagiarism

City University students are responsible for understanding and exercising standards of academic integrity in every aspect of study and in all works submitted. Plagiarism, a violation of academic integrity, is defined as:

  • Presenting another person’s work as your own including written work, images, designs, or web content.
  • Purchasing a paper, partial papers, or other academic work from a 3rd party and presenting it as your own.
  • Paraphrasing or condensing ideas from another person’s work without proper citation.
  • Failing to document direct quotations with a proper citation.
  • Copying word-for-word, using select phrases from another’s work, or failing to properly cite all sources from which data, examples, ideas, or theories are found.
  • Copying and pasting content and changing a few words or phrases without proper citation.

Plagiarism can be intentional or inadvertent. The information and links here are to help you learn to cite sources correctly and avoid unintentional plagiarism.

Please see the full CityU policy on academic integrity and scholastic honesty in the CityU catalog. (Starting on p. 55)

Why Do I Need to Cite and Document Sources?

  • To identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your assignment. If you take or copy someone else’s words or ideas and present them as if they were your own, you are plagiarizing.
  • To allow readers to locate and read the sources you cite to better understand your research.
  • To show your instructor that you used academic research within your field to support the concepts learned in the class.

What Kinds of Sources Need to Be Documented?

  • Ideas you draw from a source but present entirely in your own words
  • Paraphrases and summaries of books, articles, Web sites, videos, etc.
  • Comments made by your instructor in a lecture or face-to-to interviews
  • Single words, short phrases, sentences, and longer passages that have been quoted from books, articles, videos, etc.
  • References to (but not quotations from) a book or article
  • Statistics and diagrams
  • Common knowledge does not need to be cited. Ask a Librarian if you’re not sure if something is common knowledge.

Citing Responsibly

  • All classes at CityU use APA style. We are currently using the 7th edition. Refer to this guide for more information: https://library.cityu.edu/howto/apa-writing/use-apa-style/
  • Citation builders generate APA-formatted references from user-submitted information such as author, date, and publication title. While citation builders are convenient, they are not always accurate. Always check your references and citations for APA errors.
  • OWL at Purdue has recently paired with Chegg to provide access to Citation Machine within their tutorials. While citation builders are convenient, they are not always accurate. The following guide can help you make decisions about citation generators that you find online: using citation generators responsibly.