The Planning Process
As you begin putting your presentation together, consider the following first steps:
- Determine what you’re trying to accomplish
- Know your audience
- Choose the appropriate medium
- Start with a pen and paper
Remember the “Tell ‘Em” Rule
This popular rule in writing and speech outlines three steps:
- Tell ‘em what you’re going to tell ‘em
- Tell ‘em
- Tell ‘em what you told ‘em
In other words, introduce your presentation by outlining its goals (step 1); deliver the content that achieves these goals (step 2); and then summarize what you’ve delivered (step 3).
Structure and Organization: The Power of Storytelling
Designing Your Presentation: Simplifying Slides
Each slide should cover a single idea
An easy way to avoid cluttering your slides is to make sure each one conveys a single concept or point of emphasis. If you’re explaining three possible solutions to a problem, for instance, don’ t crowd them all onto one slide; at the very least, use three. Only your most compelling and crucial points should be highlighted on your slides.
Think of your slides as a backdrop
Remember, your slides are there to provide visual support and impact to your oral presentation —that’s it. Your audience cannot read a long list of bullet points and listen to what you’re saying at the same time. Instead, give them something interesting and memorable to look at as they listen. This leaves them with visual reminders of your presentation’s main takeaways.
Consider this example from Mary Harrington and Rebecca Carr:
Harrington, M. & Carr, R. (2010). Twelve tips for creating an effective presentation. http://aaude.org/system/files/documents/public/air2010.pdf
Designing Your Presentation: Graphic Design
- Beware of visual clutter.
- Think about fonts.
- Consider color and spacing.
- Choose compelling imagery.
See some visual design principles in action:
More Sample Slides
As mentioned earlier, it can be hard to judge the quality of a slide presentation without the presenter’s narration. Nonetheless, this example by presentation guru Garr Reynolds incorporates many of the structure, organization and design tips we’ve covered so far: